UNION OF THE COMOROS

The Comoro Archipelago is situated in the Northeast of Madagascar, at the entrance of the Mozambique Channel. It consists of four islands: Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan (Ndzwani), Mohéli (Mwali) and Mayotte (Maoré).

Moroni - Capitale de l'Union des Comores

This last one, the closest to Malagasy coasts, chose to remain French during the 1974 referendum. Since the 6th July 1975, the other independent islands form the Union of the Comoros. The total surface area of the country is 2.237 km² with an estimated population of about 798 000 inhabitants. The population density is high, 309 inhabitants/ km². The Comorian population is mostly rural (72, 1%), but the growth rate of the urbanised zones is fast-paced, more than 5% a year. The main cities are Moroni (50.000 inhabitants), Mutsamudu (35.000). Some 150 000 to 200 000 Comorians live in Metropolitan France, 55 000 in Mayotte and 40 000 in Reunion (BDC source 2006). Most of the Comorians have distant Arabic origins or ancestors from continental Africa. Some families come from Malagasy and Asian ethnic groups. Almost all Comorians are Sunni Muslims, and the Islamic traditions play an essential role in everyday life. French and Arabic are both the offi cial languages of the Comoros, but all the commercial transactions are done mostly in French. The Comorian currency is the Comorian franc (KMF). The exchange rate of the Euro (€) as reference currency is at a fi xed rate (1€ = 492 KMF). The Comoros are members of the Franc zone. In Comoros, the agricultural production represents 40 % of the GDP and this sector employs 80% of the working population. The main activity of this sector is the marketing of products. In 2007, the growth rate of the GDP was 0, 8% in recession with regard to the year 2006 when the real growth rate of the GDP reached 2, 4%, and a 2, 8% rate was observed in 2005. This slowdown of the economic activity is due to the political crisis with Anjouan Island, accompanied by the organisation of the Presidential elections in June 2008, with the public fi nances’ repeated defi cits and a fall in prices of cash crops (vanilla, clove, ylang-ylang). In 2008, the economic activity joins in a still bear tendency with forecasts showing a growth rate of the 0,5% GDP stressed by the energy crisis that the country has gone through in 2008 and by the decline of credit in the private sector. The fund transfer of the Comorian Diaspora and the fi nancial support of the international partners play a signifi cant role in the state economy and in the equilibrium of the balance of payments.

Presentation
Presentation of the Comoros

The Comoro Archipelago is situated in the Northeast of Madagascar, at the entrance of the Mozambique Channel. It consists of four islands: Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan (Ndzwani)... More »

The institutions
The institutions

The National Assembly is, according to the Constitution, the legislative committee of the Union. It is consisted of thirty-three members of parliament elected for a mandate of fi ve (5) years... More »

The economy
The economy

The state economy is characterised by the predominance of agriculture, fishing and farming, which represents more than 40 % of the GDP. The farming sector constitutes of the... More »

The media
The média

Year 2009 which starts will be marked by the holding of the general States of the press, the first national conference of the media, supported by the president of the republic himself, Ahmed Abdallah Sambi... More »

Official Guide 2009

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